trans – a site, a sight

intro | description | pictorial | history | references | links | : all pictures are mine :

Trans/Bovbjerg. Feb 27 @ 13:17

intro

Trans means Isthmus with Cranes [1]. When I read that phrase it didn’t diminish the sheer beauty of the first association I had regarding the word “Trans”, namely that a direct translation of Trans would be Trance. This is a fine place, however no isthmus and no cranes.

Trans kirke. March 8 @ 17:37

description

Trans/Bovbjerg. April 7 @ 19:25

Trans kirke (church) is situated about 100 meters from the steep cliff at the southern end of Bovbjerg on the Danish west coast of Jylland (Jutland). Bovbjerg fyr (lighthouse) can be seen north of Trans kirke. It is believed that the  coast line used to be a couple of kilometers away from the church before the 18th century. Gradually the North Sea (Vesterhavet) ate portions of the claiff and landscape but this natural development was halted in the mid 1930’s when a set of so called høfder (groynes) were erected along the coast. [1]

The church nowadays lie lonesome out there but proudly makes a sculptural statement (note also how the tower is turned versus the ship). The land is flat, the sky is high. The sharp tower, the low stone wall of the churchyard. The sea is near and never silent. But there is stillness here… and lots of light… sunset… wind… weather. A trip to Trans is never wasted.

Trans/Bovbjerg. April 7 @ 19:27

[ this is where ]

Like all Danish churches (give or take) Trans kirke and its churchyard are very well maintained – which could be boring but not here. The white fences around the discrete burial places are marvellous to look at, especially when light makes magic. Going into the church is sometimes a possibility. The altar picture is made by the painter Niels Bjerre (1864-1942). Bjerre is buried at the nearby Engbjerg church. The deepest of Bjerres inspiration came from these parts of Denmark.

Trans kirke. Sept 24 2011 @ 15:03
Trans kirke. May 29 2012 @ 18:27

pictorial

translideshow
click pic to open slideshow in new window

there will be more

history

Underneath the roman core of the church, the ashlar stone built choir and ship, remains of three wooden churches have been found. The oldest, of size only about 2×4 meters, is judged to be from approximately 900 AD. This would then be at the time when Christianity entered Denmark. Under the church was also been found 180 foreign coins, the oldest of which  is dating back to 1040 [4].

In the interior should be mentioned the roman baptismal font, the gothic crucifix on the north wall of the ship and the pulpit from 1655. In the church tower (with the unusually high ends) there hangs the bell from 1555.

A pair of carved oak ciborium posts from 1300 and a wooden plank of the old altar piece were transferred to the Danish National museum (Natinalmuseet) in 1902. The altar burned down in 1912. The year after, the altar painting of Niels Bjerre was mounted on the wall. After the excavations in 1963-64 [4] a new minimal and robust furniture was installed in the church. The size of the elevated wooden floor in the choir corresponds to the size of the first church.

(the above is a rough translation of the text found in ref [3] concerning Trans kirke)

(the text below is a direct write-off of the description /in Danish/ of Trans kirke in ref [2])

Gennem århundrader har det grådige Vesterhav ædt sig halv ind i sognet, så kirken nu ligger helt ude ved den stejle skrænt mod havet, synlig viden om. En række svære høfder søger at værge kirken mod havets angreb. Udgravninger under kirken 1964-65 har vist, at ikke mindre end tre kirker af træ efter tur har afløst hinanden før den nuværende granitkvaderkirke, bestående af kor og skib på skråkantsokkel, bygges en gang i 1100-årene. Skibets døre og flere af de oprindelige vinduer er bevaret i tilmuret stand. Kor og skib har bjælkeloft. Udvidelsen af korbuen har formentlig fundet sted i slutningen af 1400-tallet samtidigt med opførelsen af det ved sine usædvanlige stejle gavle i nord og sy så særprægede tårn. Tårnet, af granitkvader- og munkesten, har dør i syd, som fører ind til det hvælvede underrum, der nu tjener som forhal efter at den store arkadebue, der oprindeligt forbandt skib og tårn, blev udmuret og forsynet med en dør. Den lille døråbning, der er brudt igennem vestligst på skibets nordmur, gav i sin tid adgang til trappen til et herremandspulpitur i kirkens vestende.
I Nationalmuseet findes to af de fire svære, udskårne egestolper; som først bar et lille tag over kirkens første alter, et såkaldt ciboriealter. Kirken restaureredes og fik ny inventar i 1965 (arkt. Poul Hansen og Ib Lydholm).

references

[1] Vandringer i Vestjylland (Steen Espensen, Jens Bredholt, 2011 – Vestjyllands Höjskole. Forlag)
[2] Hvem byggede hvad Bind 3: Jylland. Politikens forlag 1971. Text on Trans kirke by Knud J. Krogh, arkitekt.
[3] www.denstoredanske.dk
[4] Nationalmuseet, ved Knud J. Krogh og J. Balslev Jørgensen, 1963-64

links

http://www.lemvig.com/galleri/TransKirke.jpg

http://jalbum.net/sv/browse/user/album/945064/

http://www.biopix.es/trans-kirke_photo-59508.aspx

http://www.flickr.com/search/?ss=2&w=all&q=trans+kirke&m=text

http://www.lemvigmuseum.dk/NielsBjerre.htm

http://www.denstoredanske.dk/Dansk_Biografisk_Leksikon/Kunst_og_kultur/Billedkunst/Maler/Niels_Bjerre

mine:

http://www.flickr.com/search/?w=25159708@N00&q=trans

http://thohagstrom.smugmug.com/Jylland-DK/Lemvig/Trans-project/23419086_Prr5sz#!i=1200396522&k=wwtwW

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